MODEL PROJECT FOR REHABILITATION, REFURBISHMENT AND ECOLOGICAL RECONSTRUCTION OF THE LANDS IN NAMOLOASA – MAXINENI RECLAIMED UNIT PUBLISHEDSeverin Cazanescu
The prolonged droughts followed by floods, as result of climate changes, have a significant impact on agricultural production and on food safety. In such conditions, land reclamation works are vital, providing solutions for risks mitigation. In Romania, during the restructuring and reform process of agriculture, including the land reclamation sector, an important part of the existent infrastructure either couldn’t be adapted and was abandoned or remained unused as inadequate to the new structures. In such circumstances, the land reclamation works need to be rehabilitated and modernize in order to improve their performances and to reduce the operation costs. The paper presents a model project for the rehabilitation and worth of the hydro-ameliorative facilities in the Low Siret Plain. The following activities were performed in the project frame: estimation of the agro-productive potential of the climate, soil and water resources in the area; inventory and analyze of the existent land reclamation works and their impact on the environment; identification of the affected lands by different forms of degradation, risk evaluation and proposal of counteraction measures and ecological reconstruction. The methods and materials used were: soil maps, geo-morphological maps, analytic data regarding soil properties and groundwater chemistry, climatic data, on-site analysis. The research study is concluded with proposed works to be adopted, such as: - rehabilitation of the defense dams of the precinct, drainage networks, irrigation; systems and related pumping stations; salted lands improvement; area landscaping for specific crops to obtain renewable energy sources. The paper importance is found in the National Plan for Rural Development, Priority Axis 1, Measure 125 a – “Infrastructure improvement and development connected with agricultural development and adaptation”, operational objective - Modernization and / or refurbishment of the irrigation systems and other land reclamation works. The project was performed in the frame of the Research – Development Sector Plan of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development.
land reclamation works; rehabilitation measures; ecological reconstruction