PEDOLOGICAL AND AGROCHEMICAL EVALUATION OF DEGRADED LANDS FOR THEIR RECOVERY THROUGH VINEYARDS, ORCHARDS AND FOREST MANAGEMENT PLANS PUBLISHEDDorin Ţărău, Silvica Oncia, Irina Ţărău
The paper presents some aspects concerning the land quality in Banat. The addressed issues is relating to an area of 17216641 ha of which 1098520 ha of agricultural land, belonging to the Timiş and Caraş-Severin countys. The examination of ecopedological conditions, were setting in order and processing dates were made according to „ The Pedological Studies Elaboration Methodology “, (vol. I,II,III) of ICPA Bucharest, in 1987 and Romanian Taxonomic System of Soils (SRTS-2003). There are described, briefly, the physical and geographical conditions of the area and extensively the composition of soil cover, some restrictive land quality characteristics, characteristics that define them their vocation to some use. Studying the natural conditions (relief, lithology, hydrology, clime) and the antrophic ones it can be observed that the diversity of pedoclimatic conditions and the specific characteristics of the studied area have a great impact upon land resources and the way lands are used in general and in particular the agricultural ones (and also upon their actual and future productivity). Using the data obtained through out pedological studies and researches conducted by specialists from OSPA Timisoara and materialized in “Banat soils map”, updated in 1999 and 2003 with new pedological studies (carried out by O.S.P.A. Timişoara,) and also with data gathered from the agricultural and forest sites of the national monitoring system (organized by I.C.P.A. Bucharest), the following aspects regarding lands’ quality can be presented: - the identification of land vocation (pretability) in order to establish their most adequate way of use, - the identification of land favorability for different crops, - the identification of lands production capacity for different usings and crops when certain technologies are used, - defining lands depending on the amelioration and conservation tillages. Finally are given the general and administrative restructuring measures which must be undertaken for the management of soil resources in the examined area. The Government and its institutions have the duty to promote protection, conservation and improving programs and other types of programs that regard the careful use of soil sources, by providing the necessary funds for these and also by stating exactly their destination.
study; land; organization; cadastral; territory