RESEARCH CONCERNING THE INCREASE OF HERBA OF CULINARY SAGE (SALVIA OFFICINALIS L.) THROUGH CERTAIN CULTIVATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE CONDITIONS OF THE DIDACTIC STATION IN TIMIŞOARA IN 2007 PUBLISHED

Monica Prodan (căs.Cotarcă), Valeriu Tabără
Herbs have always been part of people's lives and is undoubtedly a close relationship between plants and humans. Man depends on plants in existence and this relationship must be sustainable. To ensure that medicinal plants are always available to us, we must ensure that we learn to cultivate. World consumption of Sage is the order of 100-150 tonnes / year dry leaves and 250-300 tonnes / year herba for volatile oil extraction. In Romania, a growing area of 15-20 hectares, providing domestic needs, a rămânâd available for export (Switzerland, Italy, France). The present study proposes the role of knowledge enrichment characteristics of cultivation technology in increasing production efficiency in Sage herba. Research contribute to improving opportunities for expansion of cultivation areas of medicinal and aromatic plants, the establishment of cultivation technology with improved performance. It was also aimed at guiding factor of vegetation, light, so human intervention is as close to the studied plant biology.Production of any crop plants is the result of interaction of all factors involved in the formation yield. Level harvest herbs and spices is in relation to the degree to which each factor and all in one place is close to optimal values required for plant biology. The overall condition is rare in the natural living environment.Biological material (Salvia officinalis L.) used was obtained from variety „Răsmireşti” SC PRONATURA S.R.L. Zalau, the seed is certified. Experience was located on land that belongs to S.D.E. Timisoara, in the U.S.A.M.V.B. Timisoara.In the experimental field there were good results herba green mass production. Herba yields vary from one version to another guidance system plant rows and when the various reports of N: P: K, application of mineral fertilizers to Salvia officinalis L., led to increased production of herba, is in this economically sustainable.The results of this study are part of a doctoral program, with as theme: "Opportunities to improve cultivation technologies in order to increase the amount of herba, film and volatile oil in Sage (Salvia oficinalis L.)", funded by the MECT the IOD U.S.A.M.V.B. Timisoara under the distinguished university professor Valeriu Tabara.
sage yield herba; fertilization; plant row orientation
Presentation: oral

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