RESEARCH CONCERNING THE INCREASE OF THE AMOUNT AND QUALITY OF ESSENTIAL OIL IN CULINARY SAGE (SALVIA OFFICINALIS L.) UNDER THE IMPACT OF FERTILISATION AND OF PLANT ROW ORIENTATION IN THE CONDITIONS OF THE DIDACTIC STATION IN TIMIŞOARA (ROMANIA) PUBLISHEDMonica Prodan (căs.Cotarcă), Valeriu Tabără
Production of medicinal and aromatic plants is reflected in the quality of content of active compounds. The quantity of active compounds of plants is conditioned by ecological factors, the zoning of the species, culture technology, the biological value of the cultivar, the means of processing raw materials obtained.The essential oil and infused from Salvia officinalis L. leaves, has many applications in medicine due to antibacterial properties, antiviral and cytotoxic of essential oil. Because antioxidant properties, and its aroma oil is used in food and beverage industry.The study aims on the role of literacy enrichment characteristics of cultivation technologies Salvia oficinalis L., to achieve improved performance of their production to a high of essential oil of a high quality, thus the study of the possibility expansion of cultivation areas within Sage. In this paper have been monitoring the vegetation factor, light. Experience was located on land that belongs to SDE USAMVB Timisoara. Biological material used was variety Răsmireşti (Salvia officinalis L) obtained from SC PRONATURA srl Zalau, the certified seed. Content of essential oil compounds and determination to Sage was monitored laboratories SC Laboratoarele Fares Bio Vital SRL, Orastie (ISO 9001:2000).Changes in essential oil content in Salvia officinalis L. and its components differ depending on the plant parts: herba or leaveas, the orientation of plant rows. Mineral fertilizers applied have resulted in increased production of essential oil, fertilizer management is economically sustainable. The results of this study are part of a doctoral program, with as theme: "Opportunities to improve cultivation technologies in order to increase the amount of herba, film and volatile oil in Sage (Salvia oficinalis L.)", funded by the MECT the IOD U.S.A.M.V.B. Timisoara under the distinguished university Professor Valeriu Tabara.
sage yield oil; fertilization; plant row orientation