CROP ROTATION AND IRRIGATION INFLUENCE ON PROTEIN AND GLUTEN CONTENT OF THE WHEAT GRAINS IN THE CRIŞURILOR PLAIN CONDITIONS PUBLISHEDCornel Domuţa, Maria Şandor, Gheorghe Ciobanu, Nicu Cornel Sabău, Lucian Bara, Camelia Bara, Ioana Borza, Cristian Domuţa, Radu Brejea, Alina Samuel, Adrian Vuşcan, Manuel Gîtea, Ana Moza, Anuţa Jurca
The paper is based on the researches carried out during 2007-2009 in the long term trial placed in 1990 on the preluvosoil from Agricultural Research and Development Station Oradea. The preluvosoil from the research field is characterized by the presence of the horizons Bt 1 (34-54 cm depth) and Bt 2 (54-78 cm depth); the colloid clay eluviation determined to appear the El horizon with 31.6% colloid clay. On 0-20 cm depth, the soil has a big percentage of macroagregates (Φ > 0.25 mm), 47.5% bulk density is of 1.41 g/cm 3 and total porosity is median one, hydraulic conductivity is of 21.0 mm/h. The values of the pH indicates a low acid soil, humus, total nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium content are low. The source of irrigation water was a drill of 15 m depth. The chemical parameters of the irrigation water were the following: fixed mineral residue 0.5 g/l; SAR index 0.52; CSR index= -1.7%; N. Florea class = II; there are not some problemes regarding the use of irrigation use.There are two factors of the experiment: crop rotation (wheat-monocrop, maize-wheat; maize-soybean-wheat) and water regime (unirrigated; irrigated). Optimum water provisionment was assured in the irrigated variant maintaining the soil water reserve between easily available water content on 0-50 cm depth. The biggest protein and gluten content were determined in the wheat grains from maize-soybean-wheat crop rotation both in unirrigated and irrigated variant and the smallest values were registered in the wheat monocrop. In the irrigated variant the smaller values protein, wet and dry gluten were registered but the differences are unsignificant. The research results emphasized the importance ogf the crop rotation to obtain an wheat yield with good panification index. The research results are part in the project: PN–II–ID–PCE–2008 2; 690/2009”The study of influences of some technological elements upon the wheat yield quality in the conditions of the North-Western part of Romania”.
wheat; crop rotation; yield; protein content; gluten content; irrigation