BEHAVIOR OF MAIZE HYBRIDS TO CREATE THE COMPANY LIMAGRAIN CLIMATIC CONDITIONS IN THE WESTERN PLAIN PUBLISHED

Lucian Botoş, Paul Pîrşan, Gheorghe David, Florin Imbrea, Marcel M. Duda, Gheorghe Matei
Corn detains, in Romania, the first place among culture plants.Good favourableness towards this culture and large possibilities of valorising this product will make it keep the first place among cultures.Maize grew in culture and because of special features and biological phyto better resist drought and falling, is attacked by few diseases and pests, can be grown on land vary widely and in different climatic conditions, supports monoculture. The hoes leave the land clean of weeds is a good pre for many plants, even for winter wheat, recover very organic and mineral fertilizers, react very strongly to irrigation, may be sown for fodder grain and even the second culture. . Of grain endosperm by milling, to obtain flour (maize), which can be used in human food as such or is used to obtain corn flakes, biscuits, baby foods, confectionery. From the maize embryos to obtain oil, used directly to prepare food or margarine industry.Of maize have made many superabsorbent products that can be used in soil erosion control and fixing sands, biodegradable materials, dialdehyde starch (highly resistant to moisture) used in paper industry. The researches have been carried out during 2007-2009 in specific pedo-climatic area the Didactic Station in Timisoara (District of Timis).From the point of view of the climate, the Timisoara area has an average multi-annual temperature of 10.8 o . As for rainfalls, their average multi-annual amount is of 631 mm, of which 255 mm during vegetation period. Air relative moisture is, on the whole, favourable to crop productions, with an annual value of 74,7%. The frequency of dry years is 20-30%, and that of extreme rainfall is up to 11-12%. The experimental field in the Timisoara area was set on a cambic moist chernozem (weakly gleyied), weakly decarbonated, on loess-like deposits, argyle dusty/clayish-argyllous clay. The results of the present study are financed by the Limagrain Company.
maize; production; protein content
Presentation: oral

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