THE COMPARATIVE STUDY ABOUT THE VARIATIONS IN THE GRAINS AND PROTEIN PRODUCTIONS IN PEAS AND SOYBEAN IN THE PEDOCLIMATIC CONDITIONS OF THE ALMAJ-DEPRESSION PUBLISHEDSimona Niţă, Lucian Niţă, Liliana Panaitescu, Marius Lungu, Dragoslav Vlad Mircov
The research work was carried out on a Terra rossa (preluvisol), moderately eroded with the pH value of (in H2O) 6.00. The humus content is moderate in the first 30 cm (2.33 to 2.12%), the potassium content has high values (207.5 ppm in the Ap horizon), the mobile phosphorus content is high (63.3 to 117.3 ppm) and the nitrogen index has middle values. Trifactorial experiments were carried out in the pea culture, in which the factor A, was represented by the cultivated variety (Dosa, Montana and Monique), the factor B – represents the influence of the bacterisation with non bacterized and the factor C the influence of the sowing time. Theresults varied within the investigated period between 900 kg / ha and 1700kg/ha.For the soybean culture the experiments were organized trifactorially, the investigated factors were: factor A – the cultivated variety (Felix Neoplant and Venus), factor B - bacterizarea (nebacterizat and bacterizat) and factor C sowing period with two graduations. The crop of the researched area ranged from 1500 - 2200 kg / ha. The researches took place in the Almaj Depression being considered an area less favourable for the two cultures, the only leguminouse cultivated being the beans. The practical implications of the research work are to create opportunities to ensure the protein needs for human and animal food consumption and to improve the crop structure and to ensure efficient rotations. In conclusion, the climate issue in 2009 in both areas met the conditions for obtaining experimental results from cultures taken in the study interpret. The project that forms the basis for the paper is financed by CNCSIS and is entitled "Contributions to the development of non-poluting technologies, economically efficient for peas, soybeans and lentils, adapted to the South-Western part of the country, with effects on the reduction of protein deficiency in food”.
bacteris; sowing time; peas; soybeans