IDENTIFICATION OF NEW GENETIC RESOURCES IN AROMATIC AND MEDICINAL HERBS BELONGING TO SOME SPECIES WITH POTENTIALLY EXTENDED CULTIVATION PUBLISHEDCristina Simona TELESCU, Gh. DAVID
Romanian flora gathers a number of over 3500 different species of plants, out of which, traditional medicine uses approximately 10%, respectively 350 species (E. Paun, 1995). Out of a total no of medical species, only 160 have been used for tea production and other different medicinal products. Approximately 110 species have been taken from the spontaneous flora, while over 50 species have been introduced in culture. The introduction in culture of some species is not only the consequence of the fact that such species have been used to replace the species disappeared from our country spontaneous flora, but it has also been the consequence of the introduction of other more valuable species. At present, the situation of medicinal herbs is severely affected. More precisely, in 1989, 52 species have been cultivated in Romania on a surface of 40 thousand of hectares. In the present, the number of species has been reduced to approximately half, while the cultivated surface has been reduced to 20 thousand hectares. It is very important to identify the spontaneous flora of valuable species and their amelioration, more precisely, the creation of new productive species with high content of active principles. We shall present the actual situation, respectively, the official catalogue of all culture plants species from Romanian territory for year 2011, respectively, the chapter regarding aromatic and medicinal herbs which includes 40 species and a total of 52 genera. Important to notice is the fact that out of a number of 17 genera, there are actually only local valuable populations and that 13 biological materials have been discovered during the period 1970 – 1980. Personal research have been focused on the identification of new valuable species of aromatic and medicinal herbs representing raw material for the creation of new genera, a more productive one and with a high content of active principles. Romania disposes of pedoclimatic conditions favorable to this group of plants, ensuring thus its necessary internal production, providing also important export opportunities. This paper deals with a number of 8 species identified in this region which have been subjected determination of active principles
genetic resource, aromatic and medicinal herbs, volatile oil,, alkaloids.