RESEARCH CONCERNING THE INFLUENCE OF SOWING PERIOD AND SOWING DENSITY ON THE PROTEIN, GLUTEN AND STARCH CONTENT OF AUTUMN WHEAT IN WESTERN ROMANIA PUBLISHEDMarcela Dragoş, Paul Pîrşan
The results of this study are part of a PhD program, having as theme: " Research on sowing technology ofwinter wheat in Western Romania ", funded by the European Social Fund, the Pilot Program PhD Research Scholars Support Contract from the POS DRU / 6 / 1.5 / S / 21 USAMVB Timisoara, under the leadership of the distinguished university professor Paul Pîrsan. The paper presents the results obtained in the last two years of experience, about the content of gluten, protein and starch of winter wheat cultivated in Western Romania, specifically at the Teaching Resort of University of Agricultural Science and Veterinary Medicine of Banat Timisoara, located in the Plain Banato-Crisan, Plain subunit Berecsău Bega-Timis interfluve. Researches were conducted on a chernozem soil, low gleyed, formed on decarbonated loesoide deposits. The goal of the research is to establish an adequate seeding technology under current climate conditions, based on frequent situations in which, for various reasons we can’t saw in the optimal sowing period. Wheat is a grass, originally from the Fertile Crescent region of the Near East, but now cultivated worldwide. The material investigated is the variety Alex (Lovrin 50), variety created by S.C.D.A Lovrin and approved in 1994. Variety Alex is the representative variety for the western part of the country and has the largest expansion in the mentioned area. Among the quality analysis performed in the University laboratory, the content of gluten, protein and starch of winter wheat have an important influence on the wheat quality. Gluten content ranged between 22,65%, obtained in the first year, and 32,66%, obtained in both years. Protein content ranged between 13,36%, obtained in the first year, and 15,19%, obtained in the second year. Starch content ranged between 51,90%, obtained in the second year, and 53,51%, obtained in the second year.
wheat; sowing period; sowing density