EVOLUTION OF A DIFFERENT CROP PLANTS GROWN UNDER CLIMATIC CONDITIONS OF THE BANAT PLAIN PUBLISHEDAndreea Bianca Lupu, Florin Catalin Ionescu, Iacob Borza
The purpose of paper is to establish the extent to which climatic conditions have influenced both humidity water soil and yield obtained during a period of 3 years (2008/2010). The experimental work was made in the experimental fields of USAMVB Timisoara Didactical Station which belongs to the great physical and geographical unit of the Banat Plain, the main form of relief in the region. Soil characterization was made based on a soil profile opened at the experimental place unde the field represents on a flat, slightly wavy, with groundwater at a depth of 1.5-2.0 m. Processing the climate data supplied by C.M.R. Banat – Crișana, it could be observed that the highest amount of rainfall was resgistered in agricultural year 2009/2010, when the deviation was higher than multiannual average with +268,2 mm and the lowest amount of rainfall was resgistered in agricultural year 2008/2009, when the deviation was situated under the multiannual average with -150,6 mm. In the final the production of cultivated plants is the result of the interaction of all the factors involved in one way or another to the final harvest. Among the environmental factors, climatic regime, was found to have a strong influence on the regime of ground water and ultimately on the level of agricultural output. The results of yields presented in this paper were achieved processing field data from maize, sorghum and oat cultivated in the experimental field of the Ecology and Environmental Protection department. The highest yield achieved from all cultivated plants was in the agricultural year 2009/2010 when rainfall regime was favorable and there were not semnalated any periods of drought, while the lowest yield achieved from all cultivated plants was in the agricultural year 2008/2009 on a lowest humidity deficit.
climatic conditions; soil; yield