CHANGES IN HALOPHILICCORMOPHYTES FLORA IN SOCODOR (ARAD – COUNTY), 1952-2013 PUBLISHEDIulia Natalia DĂRĂBAN, A. ARDELEAN, M. C. PETRESCU, G. G. ARSENE
Based on published references between 1952 and 2010, which mention in an express way alkalimeadows from Socodor as chorological indication, and on our research carried on between 2011 andspring 2013, we compare the cormophytes floras. Species are divided in halophilic (conventionally, acc.to G RIGORE , 2012, mainly) and non-halophilic ones. Population from species such as Atriplex littoralis,Salsola soda, Suaeda maritima seem to be locally extinct. We confirm the presence of other halophytes,but in small populations (Beckmannia eruciformis, Sedum caespitosum, Spergularia marina, Trifoliumornithopodioides). The most important halophytes we found, and not cited by previous authors, is Lotusangustissimus (endangered in Romania). We discuss shortly the possible causes of this dynamics; theover-charge with sheep of this Natura 2000 site, obvious since 2010,is detrimental to its conservation.The non-halophilic flora we identified is composed by 91 species not indicated by previous authors.Specific research is needed in order to elucidate floristic historical aspects and the magnitude of recentanthropic pressures.
Socodor, flora dynamics, halophilic, cormophytes, nature conservation.