LAND QUALITY CLASSES AND NATURAL LANDSCAPE OF THE MINING AREA VALEA MĂNĂSTIRII 2, GORJ COUNTY PUBLISHEDG. CĂBĂROIU, L. NIŢĂ
The most aggressive form of soil degradation ad, hence, of the entire environment are surface mining operations that because of the disrespect of technical operation plans, cab result in true ecological disasters. The process of soil recovery around the mining operations in the Gorj County, Romania, is directly influenced by the natural factors of the area. Reintroducing these soils in the economic circuit and the recovery of the lands for agricultural purposes should follow specific paths both methodologically and practically. In this context, our concerns aimed at identifying the genesis, distribution, features, and quality classes of the soils. The main objectives were the distribution of technosoils in Valea Mănăstirii 2, Gorj County, Romania, resulted from surface mining operations; the study of the natural landscape of soil formation in the area because of surface mining operations; the morphological, physical, and chemical characterisation of the soils affected by the mining operations; the assessment of the production potential through grades; and the establishment of quality classes. These objectives were reached during field and laboratory research as well as through information processing.
soil resources, mining, quality classes, Mănăstirii Valley, Gorj County