INFLUENCE OF SOWING TIME ON PRODUCTION CAPACITY A FEW LINES OF SAFFLOWER (CARTHAMUS TINCTORIUS L.) UNDER TIMISOARA PUBLISHEDDorin Popa, Simona Niţă, Ioana Maria Mateaş
Abstract :Safflower was grown for its flowers, used for coloring and flavoring. Safflower name derives from the fact that it was cultivated as a cheaper alternative to saffron. This content carthamin because flowers, like saffron. Safflower flowers have a calming qualities of cough. Pigments from safflower flowers are particularly important because they leave no toxic residues colored products. Pigments which are synthesized in roots during vegetation migrate through tissues leading the petals. Carthamina is one of the most valuable non-toxic compounds used in the food or in the textile industry. The seeds are used to treat tumors, especially those located in the liver. Flowers are considered laxative properties, sedative, and is used to treat scarlet fever. Indicated that safflower oil is widely used in pharmaceutical industry and antirheumatism detention purgative effect, not oil in the diet increases the amount of cholesterol in the blood. The oil is used as a remedy for rheumatic pains. Chinese medicine recommends seeds to treat dysmenorrhea in women, they having an astringent effect on the uterus. Outside the fatty acid content of 32-40% and a percentage seeds contain 11-17% protein and 4-7% water. To emphasise the yielding capacity of some new lines of safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) under study, we organised, in 2013, a bi-factorial experiment in which experimental factors were as follows: Factor A – sowing time - 1st time MARCH - 2nd time MAY Factor B – safflower lines - T 9, - T 10, - T 33, - T 40 short line. The experiment was set after the randomised block method. The experimental variants were set with three replications with randomisation of the Factor B (safflower lines). Research has shown the influence of planting dates on productivity elements obtained from testing of new lines of safflower. To achieve the objectives of the research were used 4 lines of safflower obtained by individual selection from a population of Timisoara.
Key words: safflower, lines, yield, sowing dates