RESEARCH ON THE INFLUENCE OF FOLIAR FERTILIZATION ON BEER BARLEY AND TWO ROWS BARLEY PRODUCTION IN TWO AREAS OF CULTURE PUBLISHEDF. C. TARJOC, V.TABĂRĂ, O. PĂTRUI, G. GORINOIU, Amalia NEAG, Corina (RĂDUCAN) PĂTRĂŞCOIU
Barley is a cereal crop with multiple uses: as fodder, brewing, food. Has long been one of the main crop with wheat and millet. In recent decades the importance of barley decreased and cultivated area declined by 3-4 times. Barley grains contain a percentage of 8-15% cellulose (paddy), 60-70% starch, 11% protein, 10% ballast, lipids, vitamins (especially B) and minerals, gluten. People with gluten intolerance can not drink beer because barley is an important ingredient. The economic importance of barley is lower compared to that of wheat, corn, rice or rye; is used especially winter barley as animal feed. In food people can remember especially malt and brewing coffee, also one can remember the effect of barley extract in cases of high fever, with fever-lowering effect of patient. In addition to the uses already known, barley has therapeutic qualities, recovered by treatment of conditions such as diarrhea, cystitis, rheumatism, cough, hemorrhoids, influenza, infertility, depression, anemia, skin problems etc. Barley is considered the therapeutic properties of herbal and remineralizing, anti-inflammatory, hypotensive, increases sex drive and helps people young and old to recover after a period of convalescence. The research was conducted in two areas with different climatic conditions, Timişoara and Mizieş - Bihor. In both centers, four varieties of spring barley were studied: Aspen, Adonis, Penellope and Hanca and four varieties of winter barley: Laura, Trasko, Plaissant and Clarine. The research aimed to determine the influence of fertilization on yields. Four variants of fertilization were used: N 48 P 48 K 48 ; N 48 P 48 K 48 + PlantfertU; N 48 P 48 K 48 + MicrofertU and N 48 P 48 K 48 + TerraSorb.The variant N 48 P 48 K 48 was used as control. Foliar fertilizers were applied during vegetation before earing. The experimental results obtained in both areas, highlights the difference of production potential between the studied varieties and the positive influence of foliar fertilizers on grain production both in spring and winter varieties.
barley, two rows barley, fertilizing, foliar tratments.