THE INFLUENCE OF PEDO-CLIMATIC CONDITIONS AND TILLAGE SYSTEM ON THE WHEAT AND MAIZE YIELDS ON SOME LAND FROM BANAT PLAIN, MURES-BEGA INTERFLUVE PUBLISHED

A. ŢĂRĂU, V. TABĂRĂ
The research has as purpose the support of sustainable agriculture system, responding to local requirements establishing the scientific data base necessary to support new technologies and develop integrated management measures of agro-eco-systems. The purpose of the research conducted has its origins in current scientific and practical preoccupations increasingly hard to identify and put in place effective integrated management from the agronomic point of view, with low energy and financial efforts, with conservation role for soil and the environment. The results presented are part of the doctoral studies and research (01.11.2011-30.10.2014) having as theme "Relations between ecopedological conditions, financing and productivity of agricultural land in the Banat Plain, Mureş-Bega interfluve" research is carried out simultaneously on experimental field and laboratory. The data in this paper are the result of research conducted in 2011-2013 range, within experiences organized in the field in two locations: Sanandrei and Jimbolia on the land of Soil and Agrochemical Studies Office (OSPA) in Timisoara. At Jimbolia, the experiences are located on a typical chernozem, gleyed weak, proxicalcaric, medium loam / medium clay, dominant in Jimbolia - Bulgăruş plain and representative for a large area of low plain of Banat, as part of Mures Plain. At Sânandrei, the experiences are located on molic reddish preluvosoil, medium clay loam / medium clay loam, dominant in Plain Vinga and representative of a surface significant in Banato-Crisana Plain. This paper provides basic knowledge and methodological elements for the assessment and characterization of natural resources and those induced by the intake of fertilizers. To determine the complex relationships that are established between various soil properties, were undertaken both in our country and in the world, numerous studies that have elucidated a number of mutual causality thereby helping to define soil taxa in terms of both genetic and the fundamental characteristics, in relation to their contribution to the differential productivity and suitability of land for plants. The information obtained will pique the interest of decision-makers, that in the future, the agricultural research and practice with environmental protection, will strive to develop interdisciplinary studies, because it can not speak about a healthy environment without an healthy soil.
wheat, maize, yield, banat plain, land
Presentation: oral

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