SOCIO-ECONOMIC INFLUENCES ON THE AGROSILVOPASTORAL SYSTEMS IN MOUNTAIN AREAS PUBLISHEDLavinia Alina CĂLUŞERU1, Luminiţa COJOCARIU,1,2I.SĂNDOIU 1 None
Abstract: Agrosilvopastoral production systems, as the entire agricultural sector for that matter, have been influenced by the various stages of development of local and national economy, by the social life of local communities. The aim of the present paper is to analyze the situation in the mountain areas, more precisely in two communes: Bănia, in Caraş-Severin County, located in Banat Mountains, and Nădrag, Timiş County, situated in Poiana Ruscă Mountains. Both communes are part of disadvantaged mountain areas. The documentation is mainly focused on providing information on the natural resources and opportunities offered by the mountain area under study. It was observed that the positive tendency of economic and social development has major influences, at first negative, on agriculture and agrosilvopastoral systems, due to the fact that people left their homes in the villages and migrated to towns. This phenomenon is going to be replaced by a positive influence, the savings and knowledge accumulated in other areas being “invested” by villagers in the rational and sustainable exploitation of the natural resources specific for the area, thus contributing to the revival of traditions and the and types of agrosilvopastoral mountain economy.
Keywords: agrosilvopastoral systems, mountain area, socio-economic influences and types of agrosilvopastoral mountain economy