RESEARCHES CONCERNING THE INTRODUCTION OF WHITE LUPIN (LUPINUS ALBUS) INTO THE AGRICULTURAL CROP IN DEPRESSIONS FROM THE WESTERN PART OF ROMANIA PUBLISHEDDAVID Gh., BORCEAN A., Leontina RADA, Fl. IMBREA, V. NEȘCU, L. BOTOȘ
White lupine is a species cultivated as fodder plant for beans and also as green fertilizer as main crop or as secondary culture because it is a very good breeder of soil properties (1, 3, and 4). The research was conducted in Depression Gurahonţ, Arad county, between 2012 – 2014. From a climate perspective, the area where were performed research is of type cfbx after Köppen classification. The average annual temperature in the reference area is around 100C and annual rainfall exceeding 600 mm. From soil type perspective, the experimental field was placed on a stagnic luvisol (2). In the experimental research cycle 2012-2014 the purposes were the introducing of white lupine as grain crop and as crop rotations plant in situations when a leguminous plant has to be a part from the crop rotation. From the synthesis of results concerning the sowing technology, we determine that the yields from experimental trials have a range between 1758 kg / ha and 2962 kg / ha, depending on the time of sowing and plants genotype. On average from three periods of sowing tested in experimental field, the highest yield was recorded at Medi variety originating from ARDS Livada, county Satu Mare, followed by Vojvodina a Serbia's origin and by the provenance from Turkey. Also, there have been made a number of biometric measurements depending on the genotype and on the time of sowing plant height (cm), the number of branches / plant, number of flowers / plant, number of pods / plant. It was also established and change in mass of 1000 grains by genotype and by sowing period in experimental cycle 2012-2014.
Lupinus albus, crop technology