RISK ASPECTS IN THE WARM SEASON 2014 -CLIMATOLOGICAL AND SYNOPTIC CHARACTERISATION DURING SUMMER 2014 IN WESTERN REGION OF ROMANIA PUBLISHEDV.D1MIRCOV., Florina MOȚIU A2, Carmen MOISA 2, Codruta CHIS
Abstract. Climatological characterisation for summer 2014 in Western region of Romania, namely the interval june-august 2014, is a result of an arduous analysis regarding two different climate parameters: air temperature but also, rainfall amount. Using as a reference, multiannual normal values (1961-2013) we made representations with standard deviations of average temperature and rainfull amount for each summer month, taking into account raw data registered at four representative weather stations: Oradea, Arad, Timișoara and Reșița. We also used synoptic charts with surface presssure and geopotential height at 500 hPa.. As a result of this systematic analysis, summer 2014 was an ordinary summer regardind thermal regime, but one thing arouses our attention, rainfall excess, causing troubles in the socio-economic, mainly floods in most part of Banat. Floods, as a risk phenomena for agriculture and also for civile society, will be revealed by ilustrating an example of a dangerous weather phenomena happened the last summer, which created tragically effects, not only financially, but also in human field. Of course, this is one of more others, happened in summer 2014, but very important to focus on it, because it succedeed a period of rainfall excess. In contrast, the summer has not been proven to be according to the expectations in the mass-media, with tropical nights and hot days. Throughout the summer there have been three such cases of hot weather and heat discomfort, which on average haven’t had a longer duration of 2...3 days. Another risk phenomenon to agriculture specific in warm season of the year is the hail. When the diameter of hailstones is high the damage may be significant. The applicability of the study conducted in co-operative activities as well as its actuality lies in the fact that is a useful support with a reference to a topical subject. We intend to continue the study with a new analysis of summer 2015 and highlighting the similarities and differences between these two successive periods in Western region of Romania.
Key-words: thermal regime, rainfall excess, hail, dangerous weather phenomena