THE MANIFESTATION OF THE PRODUCTIVE POTENTIAL IN CORN (ZEA MAYS L.) MONOCULTURE ON A TYPICAL CHERNOZEM, WITH SOME FAO 300-400 GROUP HYBRIDS PUBLISHED

Liliana PANAITESCU1, Simona-Mariana PRICOP1, Daniela VIȘAN1, Simona NIȚĂ2, R. Panaitescu3
Abstract. One of the most important food resources for humans, as well as animals, is the corn. By knowing the control mechanisms for certain corn plant characteristics and traits, new hybrids were created, whose genetic base insures a higher productivity capacity, as well as higher quality traits, genetically resistant to the attack of some pests or other pathogenic agents. A special important role in the corn crop is attributed to zoning and micro-zoning proper for the hybrids, as well as the cultivation technology. Although the importance of crop rotation and cropping system are known, progress in the weed control and fertilization field, and the scientific research carried out in our country determined the authors to test the manifestation of productive potential in some corn hybrids, under monoculture conditions. Two corn hybrids pertaining to the FAO 300-400 maturity group were selected for the study, on a typical chernozem from the Slobozia locality area, in the Ialomita county. Monoculture advantages, allowing for farmer specialization in a single culture and the use of a proper machine set to do so, have encouraged many corn cultivators from America, Canada and, later on, Europe to practice this system. In the experimental year 2014, under agro-pedological-climatic conditions from Baragan Plain, localty Slobozia, farm I.I. Vișan Daniela Elena, hybrid Bonito registered on average 300 g the weight of kernels from the cob and hybrid NK Cobalt had the weight kernels from the cob of 360 g. After laboratory analysis, the weight of 1,000 kernels at hybrid Bonito was 337 g, and at hybrid NK Cobalt was registered the value of 348 g for the weight of 1,000 kernels. In the experimentation year 2014, hybrid Bonito registered a yield of 9,000 kg/ha, while the hybrid NK Cobalt obtained a yield of 8,500 kg/ha, both cultivated under non-irrigated regime, in the agro-pedological-climate conditions of Baragan Plain, locality Slobozia, the farm I.I. Vișan Daniela Elena. Still, long term research has shown that practicing a monoculture for a several years has unfavourable effects on soil characteristics as well as on production
Key words: corn hybrids, maturity group, monoculture
Presentation: oral

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