STUDIES ON THE SOIL OF THE MAIN TOWN OF PHYSICAL SANANDREI, TIMIS COUNTY PUBLISHED

Viorica ROBU, L. NIȚĂ, Casiana MIHUȚ, Anișoara DUMA-COPCEA
Abstract. The studies covered by this work were carried out in the village Sanandrei Timis County village territory, part of the Banat Plain, with an average altitude of between 120-140 m. The soils were formed under a moderate continental climate. Groundwater is found at depths varying between 1.5 and 10 m, depending on the slope. Most soils, are under the influence of the ground water, thus their properties are subject to the depth and extent of mineralization thereof. Similar studies and researches have been made by other authors, including Nita L. remember, Mihuţ Kassiani, Rogobete Gh., But other types of soils and other blocks in the west. The data used in this paper, so data from previous studies and mapping, made by OSPA Timisoara and comments to the pitch. The main types of soils studied were those with a higher natural fertility namely: Chernozems, preluvisols and eutricambosoils. On these soils, we present the main physical properties of soils, namely: texture, soil density, bulk density, total porosity and aeration porosity. The material studied, refers to the three types of soils studied and the methods used and are specific to the soil physics laboratories. The total porosity and porosity of aeration, it has been determined by calculation. Soil texture is lutoargiloasă average, if gleic chernozem and preluvosoil molic and lutoargiloasă, to clay, where eutricambosoil. The best physical properties they had Chernozem typical batigleic followed by preluvosoil typical and worst, he had eutricambosoil gleic.
Keywords: soil physical properties, texture, density, bulk density, porosity, fertility
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