EVALUATION OF ECO-PEDOLOGICAL CONDITIONS FOR ORCHARDS CONVERSION OF LANDS FROM MORAVITA, TIMIS COUNTY PUBLISHEDD. DICU 1(2), R. BERTICI 1(2), I. GAICA1
The research has as purpose the support of sustainable agriculture system, responding to local requirements establishing the scientific data base necessary to support new technologies and develop integrated management measures of agro-eco-systems. This paper aims at obtaining background information on soil and agrochemical characteristics of soils (morphological, physico-chemical and agrochemical) to substantiate the defining elements of the scientific and technical quality status of land from Moravita area for orchard conversion. The objectives of this study are the following: identification, delimitation and inventorying of soil units from the analyzed land perimeter, morphological, physical, hydro and chemical characterization of soil units identified and delineated on the map, evaluation marks lands and establish suitability for the main tree species, highlighting nature and intensity of the limiting and / or restrictive factors, group of agricultural production land according to suitability for orchards, employment land quality classes for fruit growing use of and for the main tree species. After a detailed presentation of the landscape (relief, lithology, hydrography, hydrology, climate, vegetation, anthropogenic influences) are explained the phenomena that occur in the soil and how these phenomena and processes can be influenced by man in his farming activity. On these restrictive elements that affect the production potential of the soil cover is required, on a case by case basis, corrective action by amending the acid reaction with calcium periodic improvement of plant nutrition through fertilization improvement, removing excess moisture through works to prevent and combat it (sewers, ditches, gutters, drains, etc..), preventing and combating soil erosion (earth walls, furrows, canals coastal, erosion curtains), along with orchards conversion measures.
orchard, evaluation, conversion, land