INFLUENCE OF FERTILIZATION ON THE CROP AND QUALITY OF SOME WHEAT TYPES FROM THE SPECIES OF TRITICUM AESTIVUM SSP VULGARE, SSP SPELTA AND TRITICUM TURGIDUM SSP. DURUM PUBLISHED

Ioana Maria PAVÂL, Diana POPA, Simona NIȚĂ,Gheorghe DAVID ioanamika@yahoo.com
This paper presents the results of the research developed during 2014-2016 in the Mures - Bega Interfluve plane. According to the Koppen classification, the researched area is included in the cfbx climate characterized by temperate climate with precipitations all year long, but low in quantity during the summer months. The soil category is low carbonate typical chernosem with mild erosion, clay loam-type. The experiments were bifactorial in which factor A was the agriculture fund: A1-N100P90K90 and A2- N150P90K90, and factor B – the wheat types: B1 – Alex –T. aestivum vulgare( L) Thell ssp vulgare MK; B2 – Ciprian –T. aestivum vulgare( L) Thell ssp vulgare MK; B3 – Athos –T.turgidum ssp.durum(Desf) MK ; B4- Claudio –T.turgidum ssp durum (Desf)MK; B5 – Franckenkorn –T.aestivum(L) Thell ssp.spelta (L) Thell; B6 –Oberkulmer rotkorn T.aestivum (L) Thell ssp. Spelta (L) Thell. The paper indicates the crop results and the data derived from assessments concerning the hectoliter mass, protein content, wet gluten content, and the falling number, based on each type’s reaction to differentiated fertilization. Thus, on the N100P90K90 agriculture fund, on an average during the experimental cycle, the average crops were between 5700 kg/ha and 6700 kg/ha., and on the agriculture fund fertilized with N150P90K90, between 6200 and 7100 kg/ha. The conclusion is that by increasing the nitrogen dosage on the constant phosphorus and potassium fund, 8% crop enhancement was recorded. The average crop on the two agriculture funds for the T.aestivum vulgare types was 6697 kg/ha, for the T.turgidum ssp. durum types, 6378 kg/ha, and for the T. aestivum ssp.spelta spelta, 6052 kg/ha. Each year, quality tests were made and the data were presented on agriculture funds and types in the paper. The average values for the hectoliter mass varied between 76.2 and 80.6 kg/hl and the protein content was between 12.5 – 13.6% for the T.aestivum vulgare types, between 14.2 and 15.8% for the T.turgidum ssp.durum types and between 13.8 and 15.1% for T.aestivum ssp.spelta. The wet gluten content was between 25 and 30%, and the values of the falling number between 295 and 431 seconds. As a conclusion, the types researched ensure economic-efficient crops, with good quality indicators, in the pedoclimate conditions mentioned above.
T. aestivum vulgare( L) Thell ssp vulgare MK; B2 – Ciprian –T. aestivum vulgare( L) Thell ssp vulgare MK; B3 – Athos –T.turgidum ssp.durum(Desf) MK ; B4- Claudio –T.turgidum ssp durum (Desf)MK; B5 – Franckenkorn –T.aestivum(L) Thell ssp.spelta (L) Thell; B6 –Oberkulmer rotkorn T.aestivum (L) Thell ssp. Spelta (L) Thell.
Field crops and pastures
Presentation: poster

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