THE BELONGING OF C. (MORPHOCARABUS) ROTHI HAMPEI TELEKII CSIKI, 1937 TO C. (MORPHOCARABUS) ROTHI ROTHI DEJEAN, 1829, CONFIRMED IN MOLECULAR BIOLOGY PUBLISHEDF. PRUNAR, S. DREANO, J. BARLOY, Frederique BARLOY-HUBLER email@example.com
C. (Morphocarabus) rothi rothi Dejean is a Romanian endemic species spread in two areas at a distance of 250 km apart. In North of Banat, one of these areas, rothi is mixed with hampei, teleki form. The framing made by Csiki for telekii form, at Carabus (Morphocarabus) hampei Kuster, 1846, encountered in the hills of Fragulea (North of Banat) is questioned, due to the presence of 4 primary intervals which are theoretical characteristic for C. (Morphocarabus) rothi Dejean 1829. The other conventional morphological criteria (elytra sculpture, forms of the aedeagus and endophallus, body color) are not sufficient to ensure a clear separation between this two species. The inconstant number of primary intervals or the close shape of the aedeagus and endophallus make it impossible the distinction. The appeal to the mitochondrial markers, cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (COI) and cytochrome B (cyt b), applies to all the origins of rothi (North Banat and Transylvanian quadrilateral delimited by Sibiu, Copșa Mică, Sighișoara, Rupea, Făgăraș) and to the taxa of hampei by reference (Buzești from Maramureș County and Firminiș from Sălaj County), proves that telekii belong to C. (Morphocarabus) rothi like the aberration vitiosus Csiki, 1906. For the rothi rothi were taken in study the aberrations: latestriatus, quadricatenatus, aequistriatus and vitiosus. Therefore it is appropriate to remove the telekii Csiki 1937 form from the list of C. (Morphocarabus) hampei taxa. However, in North of Banat, the sculptural appearance rothi are heterogeneous in molecular biology: about 21% of individuals are belong to hampei with a very nearby genomic structure of hampei from Buzești but a rothi rothi ab. quadristriatus appearance and 71% rothi rothi including the forms considered hampei telekii. The genomic polymorphism of the populations of appearance rothi telekii of the North Banat and the attachment of some individuals to hampei had already been mentioned in a previous study with the marker NADRH 5, but with a reduced number of samples studied.
Carabus (Morphocarabus) rothi Dej., Carabus (Morphocarabus) hampei Kust., telekii Csiki, taxonomy, molecular biology, COI, cyt b.
Biology applied in Agriculture