THE MANAGEMENT OF SOIL RESOURCES FROM THE JIMBOLIA LOCALITY PERIMETR, TIMIȘ COUNTY PUBLISHEDCasiana MIHUȚ, Anișoara DUMA-COPCEA email@example.com
This scientific paper is based on a selective evaluation of specilaity literature data on fundamental, general and particular aspects regarding soil resources of the Jimbolia locality perimeter and the establishment of these soils’ fertility. The paper objectives are as follows: caracterization of the natural frame; identification of soil resources and determination of soil fertility. Soil resources identified within the researched perimeter are generally very fertile, belonging to the Chernisoil class. There are brown soils tending towards dark brown and black. Two main chernozem types occur: the slightly gleyed classic Chernozem with insertions of carbonic, phreatic-humid and vermic Chernozems and the cambic Chernozem, often associated with psamosoils. On reduced surfaces, mollic gley soils and white alkali soils also occur. The researched perimeter is located in the western part of Romania. Within the borders of the Timiş county, it is located in the western extremity, at a 39 km distance from Timişoara city. As a geographic position, it is situated in the Banat Plain, at the contact point between the Timişului Plain and the Mureşului Plain, at an average altitude of 82 m. From a climatic point of view, it corresponds with the temperate-continental climate type specific for Central Europe, where sub-Mediterranean influences can be registered. From an agro-climatic point of view, certain restrictive factors are signaled regarding the insufficient precipitation quantity, especially during the warm season, and the relatively high frequency of droughts. Underground water can be found at a 3-5 m depth.
soil, resources, fertility, pedogenetic processes, fertilization, Jimbolia