LAND FOUND OF BANAT PUBLISHED

L. NIŢĂ1, D. ŢĂRĂU 1, D. DICU1, GH: ROGOBETE2, GH. DAVID1 lucian_nt@yahoo.com
A durable management of the natural and anthropic resources , represent a modern form for ecosystem, in order that maintain and increase the biodiversity in agricultural produces in quantity and high quality long-term. To that end it is necessary to locate and define every plot with its ecological conditions, the soil suitability and capability for specific land use agricultural, sylvan, social-economic. The geographical position of the territory, situated between 44o27’ and 48o48’ northern latitude, and 20o15’-22o52’ eastern longitude, with a relief arranged in steps, sloping form east to west, determine a great diversity of ecological conditions and the structure of the land resources. The approached problems relates to a surface of 1.891.684 ha, with 62.56% agricultural land ( 1.183.343 ha) situated of south-west of Romania, which belong administrative to the countries: Timis, Caras-Severin, Arad ( south of river Mures ) Mehedinti ( area of the town Orsova ), for the most part of the region viewed historical Banat. The soil survey has been identified in agreement with Romanian Taxonomyc Soil System ( SRTS-2012 ), 23 soil types and soil association, involved inside of 11 soil class: Protisoil, Cernisoil, Umbrisoil, Combisoil, Luvisoil, Spodisoil, Vertisoil, Hidrisoil, Salsodisoil, Histisoil, Antrisoil. The paper presents, for this region, the capability of the land in crop, which is in total 832.925 ha: • Lands without limitations 217.617 ha (18.29%) • Land with small limitations 169.336 ha (14.31%) • Land with medium limitations 273.234 ha (23.09%) • Land with great limitations 276902 ha (23.40 %) • Land with several limitations 246.254 ha (20.81 %) The paper, also offers methods for soil evaluation and for the characterization of the natural and anthropic modification ressources, useful for scientific research and agricultural practice together with environment protection.
management, resources, soil types, capability
Soil Sciences
Presentation: oral

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