COMPARATIVE STUDY OF AN ASSORTMENT OF WINTER WHEAT GROWN IN CARACAL PLAIN PUBLISHEDGh. MATEI , Ana Maria DODOCIOIU , E. PETRESCU , D. RĂDOI email@example.com
Abstract. Annually, in Romania are cultivated around two millions ha of winter wheat with an average of yields of 3500 kg/ha (FAOSTAT, 2017). In comparison with the European developed states, as France or Germany, where the average yields are over 6500 kg/ha, in Romania those productions are well below the climatic potential. The causes of these situation are various: genetically (varieties capacity for production) climatic (tolerance to drought and high temperature), technological (levels of fertilization, sowing date, weeds and pest control and so on). The technology applied to winter wheat, regardless of the crop system, includes the whole a complex of activities that contribute both to the achievement of the largest productions and to the achievement of some seeds with superior qualitative indices in terms of bakery (C. PĂUNESCU, 2012). Technological management of wheat involves choice of land, choice of variety, establish the rotation, and all the technological sequences starting with sow until harvest.Romanian farmers has a rich offer of wheat varieties, but for each agricultural zone those should be tested in order to select and recommend the most valuable genotypes who have the ability to better capitalize the climatic conditions. In this paper we present the results obtained to a few wheat genotypes from Syngenta Company tested in the climatic conditions of Caracal Plain, during three years with different favourability for wheat. The outcomes of this study show that the new genotypes offered by Syngenta Company prove to be a practical solution for farmers in order to obtain high yields, over 7000 kg/ha in average on studied interval, but most of this, characterized by constancy of productions in each year.
wheat varieties, assortment, yields
Field crops and pastures