CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE STUDY ON THE INFLUENCE OF THE SOWING DATE IN THE GRAIN MILLET PRODUCTION (PANICUM MILIACEUM L.) CULTIVATED IN AN ECOLOGICAL SYSTEMIN THE DOBROGEA PLATEAU PUBLISHED

Liliana PANAITESCU*, Simona Mariana PRICOP*, Simona NIȚĂ** nitasimona70@yahoo.com
The millet (Panicum milliaceum L.) is one of the first crop cereals (cultivated 3000 years ago), being cultivated in India, Egypt, the south and south-east Europe (Gh. V. Roman, 2011). Until the corn was taken into culture, the millet was used on a large-scale in people’s nutrition in our country, being used after its processing in porridge, which is used for the manufacture of a beverage called ˮbragaˮ. In the last period, considering the instability of the crops due to the climate change, the problem of replacing the compromised winter crops with other crops, capable to capitalize better the Romania’s climate and soil, is more pronounced. Having a short vegetation period, the grains germinate at a temperature of 8-10o C, being also a drought - resistant plant, without having major disfunctions in the physiological functions, the millet could become in the future an alternative for the farmers in the south and south-east of the country to replace the winter crops affected by the frost. In this paperwork the authors observed the behavior of a millet crop (Panicum milliaceum L.) in experimental conditions, cultivated in two sowing dates, using the same cultivation technology in both variants. Therefore, the first experimental variant was sown on April 6, 2016 and the second variant on April 29, 2016. Considering the experimental results obtained on the two variants taken into study, we can make recommendations to the farmers in the area, that in the case of winter crops compromised by frost, if they want to establish millet crops, then their sowing should be carried out in the first decade of April (experimental variant 1)
millet, compromised crops, sowing date
Field crops and pastures
Presentation: poster

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