SOIL FUND STRUCTURE AND SOIL QUALITY IN THE MIDDLE AND LOWER COURSE OF THE RIVER TIMIŞ, ROMANIA PUBLISHEDD. DICU 1, D. TARAU 1, Gh. ROGOBETE 2, R. BERTICI 1, L. NITA 1, Anisoara IENCIU 1, O. FOTA 3 email@example.com
The purpose of the researches is rooted in the current scientific and practical discussions on the accumulation of knowledge regarding the physical, chemical and microbiological characteristics of the soils in relation to the natural features of the natural framework for the evaluation of their quality, which are found in the pedological studies prepared by the local OSPA. The relief on which the river basin of the river Timis is grafted is varied – mountains, hills and plains – so that the territory taken into account determines a great diversity of ecological conditions, generated by the variability of cosmic-atmospheric and earthly-edaphic factors that compete at achieving the environment in which plants grow and harvest. The issue addressed concerns an area of 328,728 ha of which 271,037 ha (82.45%) are agricultural land. The importance and timeliness of the work is the need to protect the edaphic cover and the environment by the accumulation of scientific data necessary for the substantiation of some technologies of consecutive works of edaphic cover and of sustainable management of the soil and water resources; and by implementation of conservative and sustainable management systems in the physical-geographical and climatic-edaphic conditions within the space considered. Agenda 2030 for Sustainable Development, adopted by the United Nations on 25 September 2015, sets a global framework for poverty eradication and sustainable development by 2030, based on the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) adopted in 2000. The object of study is the area of 330,270 ha, out of which 269,261 ha are agricultural lands (81.53%), located in the middle and lower basin of the Timiş River, namely identified soil and ground units (TEO) in the respective perimeter and their quality status. The systematic soil and soil agrochemical surveys carried out by the Pedological and Agrochemical Offices of our country provide valuable data on the evolution of soil quality, the differentiation and establishment of crop technologies, land retention and the establishment of favourability for different cultures, substantiating land improvement and improvement technologies, organizing and systematizing the territory.
land, soil, quality, risk