CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE IMPLEMENTATION OF SUSTAINABLE TECHNOLOGIES FOR THE CULTIVATION OF THYME (THYMUS VULGARIS L.) IN THE DOBRODGEA PLATEAU PUBLISHEDLiliana PANAITESCU*), Simona NIȚĂ**), M. L. LUNGU*), L. D. NIȚĂ **), I. SHENK*) email@example.com
The pharmaceutical industry has high qualitative and quantitative requirements in terms of ensuring the need for medicinal plants. This is why cultivating medicinal plants in the framework of an integrated technology, with high quality, is an important aspect because the raw material from the spontaneous flora cannot provide for the ever increasing needs. Thyme (Thymus vulgaris L.) is a medicinal and aromatic herb of old tradition, being used in large quantities in the pharmaceutical and spice industries. The dry plant often serves as a raw material for the extraction of active substances, only a part of it is used as a spice, in spice mixtures or in tea manufacturing. The thyme was called the plant of courage, the antiviral effects being known from ancient times. The Greeks and Romans gave the warriors thyme before battles. In the Middle Ages it was used to treat pertussis cough. In today's medicine, thyme is used in creams for muscular and rheumatic pains, and experts appreciate the chance to give up antibiotics in uncomplicated cases. Increased persistent infection, due to the abusive use of antibiotics, is becoming a global issue, an increasingly widespread problem. In agriculture it can be used as a means of plant protection, which inhibits the production of aflatoxins. Volatile oil protects maize grains against Aspergillus flavus mold. (Stahl-Biskup and Saez 2002). Thyme is also an important melliferous plant. Knowing these aspects, the paper presents aspects regarding the climatic conditions in the Dobrogea Plateau area, aspects regarding the requirements of this plant regarding climate and soil, a case study with the "Deutscher Winter" (German Winter) variety, one of the most cultivated. It was found that it was accommodated on cambic chernozem in the experimental area, being resistant to frost. Green herb yields were 12.5 t / ha in crop year 1 and 25 t / ha in year 2.
sustainable technologies, cultivation, thyme
Field crops and pastures