MANAGEMENT OF GRASSLANDS FOR THE CONSERVATION OF THE BIRD SPECIES LANIUS MINOR AND FALCO VESPERTINUS IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE COMMON AGRICULTURAL POLICY, IN ROMANIA. CASE STUDY PUBLISHEDP. RAIN1, C. BOSTAN1, Loredana COPĂCEAN1, Lia HOANCEA1, Luminiţa COJOCARIU1,2* email@example.com
The researches presented in this work were located in the hilly area of the East of Timis County, with altitudes between 351 - 489 m, on a total area of 43062.84 ha and an area occupied by grasslands of 11292 ha, divided into four administrative-territorial units (Ohaba Lungă, Făget, Mănăştiur and Margina). The main purpose of this study is to establish the sustainable management of grasslands and the opportunities for financial support, in order to protect and conserve the bird species Lanius minor and Falco vespertinus. In this context, three main objectives were pursued: (1) identification of grasslands in the study area and their "trajectory" over time; (2) creation of a map showing the presence of the two species of grassland birds, of community importance, Lanius minor and Falco vespertinus, in the study area (according to PNDR 2014-2020) and (3) based on the possible threats, to create integrated grassland management measures, in the study area, in accordance with EU CAP policies, aimed at the actions of protection and conservation of the birds of community importance. The work methodology, supported by geomatics techniques, statistical analyses and field observations, followed five stages: selecting the study area, drawing up the thematic maps, identifying the grassland surfaces - evolutionary trends, analyzing the EU CAP policies to subsidize important grassland for birds and identifying threats to the species Lanius minor and Falco vespertinus, in the area of interest. Through the five stages of work, the measures of sustainable grassland management have been established. Following the spatial analyses, a slight variation of the meadow surfaces was demonstrated, the main "support" of the studied bird species, produced in particular, by demographic mechanisms, in the first period favorable to the exploitation of agricultural lands, and in the second part of the analyzed range, unfavorable, with adverse consequences in the mode of agricultural exploitation, as well as for biodiversity. In order to mitigate these phenomena, the EU CAP policies, implemented in Romania by the PNDR (2014-2020) through the agri-environment and climate measure, stimulate through subsidies the measures of "good practices" in the grasslands of the analyzed area. In order to protect and conserve bird species, a set of general, but also specific measures to grassland habitats has been proposed.
analysis, biodiversity, protection, grasslands, management
Field crops and pastures