USE OF MODERN TOPOGRAPHIC TECHNOLOGIES TO CREATE A BICYCLE TRACK PUBLISHED

Georgiana BOȘNEAG1, Adrian ȘMULEAC1 adriansmuleac.as@gmail.com
The cadastre has meant over time the human activity of inventorying the land resources, for the establishment of taxes. In the contemporary era, the cadastre has expanded its scope so that it represents the technical, economic and legal evidence of all goods. Topography is a branch of terrestrial measurement science. It deals with the measurement of land surfaces, cadastral units, the study of the measurement methods as well as the analysis of the instrument and the equipment required to carry out activities. The values measured in the topography are of the type of horizontal nails and the vertical angles formed by the sides of two alignments obtained between neighboring points and the distances between points, that is to say the sides of the nails. In the process of establishing the position of the topographic points, it starts from the measured values of points belonging to the geodetic networks. The total station also called the smart station is an optical instrument used in topographic measurements.They represent a new generation of devices that include cutting-edge achievements of fine mechanics, electronics and optics. The present work was performed on Cetatii Street in the city of Caransebes, Caras Severin county. The street was measured in order to create a track for cyclists. In order to take measurements, we needed to ensure the execution documents, checking the special conditions, training the personnel in executing the works and equipping them with tools and devices necessary to perform the work. The documents required for carrying out the drawing procedure are: the execution project, the drawing plan, the specifications.For the measurement of the street the total station was used, which has its own memory center and an external memory, as well as a series of calculation programs specific to the topo-geodesic measurements.The measured data and calculations are measured and then transferred to the memory of the computer, where by means of processing programs the graphic components are determined, which are drawn in the automated system with plots attached to the computer.After performing the measurements obtained from the field it was started to download the total station and to process the data on the computer. The AutoCAD program was used to process the obtained data. AutoCad is a program that is used in designing two-dimensional (2D) and less three-dimensional (3D) construction plans developed by the American company Autodesk. The first version called MicroCad appeared in 1982, reaching the version of AutoCAD 2014. AutoCad is the most widespread computer-aided design and graphics environment, successfully used in fields such as architecture, geography, medicine, astronomy, etc.
ROMPOS, RTK, GNSS, LAND BOOK, LEICA, GPS, DWG, DXF, GSM.
Sustainable Development, Environmental Engineering and Geomatics
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