MINIMUM CONSERVATION MEASURES FOR LUNCA POGANISULUI PROTECTED AREA PUBLISHEDCristian BOSTAN, Florian BORLEA, Alma NICOLIN, Ioan BĂNĂȚEAN-DUNEA, Adina HORABLAGA, Adina HORABLAGA, Ionel SAMFIRA
The anthropic activities together with the demographic growth and the overexploitation of thenatural resources represent the most important way of the biodiversity degradation, leading to theextinction of a large numbers of species. The main causes that lead to loss of the biodiversity aredetermined by the fragmentation, degradation and destruction of habitats, pollution, global climatechanges, overexploitation, invasive species and diseases. Under these circumstances, the application ofsome measures for the biodiversity conservation becomes necessary and also an essential condition forlife maintaining on Earth. Due to its geographical position, Romania has a rich and unique biodiversityboth at the genetic level and at the ecosystems and species level. Lunca Pogănişului protected area, withan area of 75.5 hectares, is located in the west of Romania, in center of the Banat Region, at the limit ofSacoşu Turcesc and Tormac villages, with coordinates 45° 35 'N and respectively 21° 30' E. The mainaim of the establishment of the 2736 Lunca Pogănişului protected natural area is to conserve the habitatsand the species with national and community interest, declared under Directive 92/43/EEC on theconservation of natural habitats and wild fauna and flora. Lunca Pogănişului was declared a naturereserve, the objective of this reservation is the protection of variegated tulip species (Fritillariameleagris), Mediterranean species of the Lily Family. The anthropic influence caused by: grazing,agriculture, chemical treatments, collection of biological material, illegal cutting of colorful tulips andwoody vegetation, illegal storing of waste, presents a negative inflluence on the natural development ofthe protected ecosystems on the area surface. The destruction of the habitats and species from the LuncaPoganisului national interest protected area requires the implementation of some conservation measures.Local population know a few things about the status of the protected area, a lot of local people don’teven know of the existence of the protected natural area. The aim of this paper is to propose a minimumset of conservation measures for 2736 Lunca Poganisului national interest protected area, measures thatlead to a better long-term conservation of the species and habitats present in the area.
conservation measures; natural area; Lunca Poganisului;Fritillaria meleagris