STUDIES REGARDING MORPHOLOGICAL, BIOCHIMICAL AND PRODUCTION ASPECTS FOR SOME TRITICALE TYPES (TRITICOSECALE WITTMACK) IN THE CLIMATE AND SOIL CONDITIONS OF ARAD PUBLISHEDUNGUREANU O.C., STANA I.O., UNGUREANU Elena, BOTA Viviane Beatrice, TURCUŞ Violeta firstname.lastname@example.org
The present study focuses on the behavior of the main autumn triticale types, recommended by domain experts, in the temperature, humidity and soil conditions found in the Arad area. The study is motivated by the need to find the best solutions to expand this crop, considering that this species represents an essential source of carbon hydrates and proteins. A mono-factorial experiment was performed with 6 types of autumn triticale, in optimal technological conditions, in 4 repetitions. The experimental variants are represented by the following triticale types: V1 – Tulnic; V2 – Haiduc; V3 – Stil; V4 – Negoiu; V5 – Mv Medal; V6 – Oda Fd. The average of the 6 studied types was taken as the witness variant. During our experiments, the average values for temperature, precipitations, nebulosity and humidity, didn’t registered significant differences compared to the multiannual average. The temperatures during the cultivation period for triticale, from October to June, were only slightly higher than normal and didn’t hold significant influence over the plant’s growth and development. Precipitations were sufficient for the most part of the vegetation period, with a small deficit for the months March-April and an increase in May. The following aspects were evaluated for each experimental variant: plant size, number of spikelets per ear, number of grains per ear, Weight of 1000 grains, hectoliter weight, seeds and straws production, as well as protein, fat and starch content (given in percentage). At the end, the economic efficiency of each type was evaluated. The interaction between the genotype and the environment generates a high degree of variability in regards to the growth and development of cereal plants, especially of triticale species (Triticosecale Wittmack). According to the data obtained in this study, the area of Câmpia Crişurilor can be recommended for the successful cultivation of some autumn triticale types in optimal conditions and with great efficiency.
Triticosecale Wittmack, Arad, triticale
Field crops and pastures