SOIL RESOURCES AND THEIR FAVORABILITY FOR VARIOUS CULTURES IN THE AREA OF COMMUNE REMETEA MARE, COUNTY. TIMIŞ PUBLISHED

Okros Adalbert, Nită Lucian, Casiana Mihuț, Niță Simona, Mircov Vlad, Anișoara Duma Copcea Universitate de Științe Agricole și Medicină Veterinară a Banatului ”Regele Mihai I al României” din Timișoara adalbertokros@usab-tm.ro
The soils in the researched perimeter were formed and evolved through the interaction of the complex of pedogenetic factors, the most important of which are: relief, water, parent rock, climate, vegetation, man. Thus, in the researched perimeter, two areas with well-differentiated soils are distinguished, the result of different pedogenetic conditions. In the high plain and the hilly area on more or less carbonate reddish materials, the typical or moly preluvosols were formed and evolved. In the northern part of the researched perimeter (Ianova area) where the amount of precipitation reaches around 680 - 720 mm, on the less drained lands or slopes with northern exposure, the luvosols are formed. In the micro-depression forms due to the long stagnation of the water from the precipitations, the very accentuated stagnogleization processes generated the formation of the stagnosols. Within the researched perimeter we find vertosols on smaller areas. Within the perimeter investigated in similar situations there are pellosols, soils with a pelvic horizon at the surface or at most 20 cm (below the plowed layer) that continue up to at least 100 cm, contain over 30% clay in all horizons up to at least 100 cm. In the northern part of the researched perimeter (Ianova area) where the amount of precipitation reaches around 680 - 720 mm, on the less drained lands or slopes with northern exposure, the luvosols are formed. Based on the field study, 9 types of soil were identified as follows: 1.Aluviosols: 370.10 ha, 4.26% 2.Eutricambosols: 2406.79 ha, 27.69% 3.Preluvosols: 3089.90 ha, 35.55% 4.Luvosols: 360.44 ha, 4.15% 5. Pelisoils: 1244.89 ha, 14.32% 6.Vertosoluri 454.27 ha, 5.22 7.Gleyiosols: 372.83 ha, 4.28% 8.Stagnosols: 346.42 ha, 3.98% 9.Erodosols: 47.43 ha, 0.55%. Land use The area studied has the following categories of use: -arable 7,256.08 ha -grassland 1,221.17 ha - hayfields 198.63ha - orchards 14.38 ha AGRICULTURAL TOTAL = 8,691.08 ha -forests 906.51 ha -water 203.45 ha -unproductive 39.33 ha -roads 147.05 ha -constructions 137.32 ha TOTAL = 10,124.74 ha
soil, favorability, cultures, classes Remetea Mare
Soil Sciences
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