SOIL RESOURCES AND THEIR FAVORABILITY FOR VARIOUS CROPS IN THE AREA OF IANOVA COMMUNE, TIMIȘ COUNTRY, ROMANIA PUBLISHEDLaichici Daniel, Pizmas Ariana, Okros Adalbert, Vlad Marazan, Cozma Antoanela USAMVBT email@example.com
Since ancient times, agriculture has been the basis of the state economy, being the only source of healthy food, and within the reach of every human being. Through this paper we want to encourage as many people as possible to get involved in this field in order to lead a balanced life in terms of profit but also health, but also to know the soil, resources and how they favor certain plants such as would be: wheat, corn, sugar beet, soybeans, peas, beans, potatoes, sunflower, barley. The object of study of the paper will take place in Remetea Mare. The researched perimeter is part of the great physical-geographical unit “Banato-Crișană” (Geography of Romania, vol. I, chap. 10., I. Berindei, E. Nedelcu, 1983). This is one of the three pericarp units being arranged on the western side of the Western Carpathians and includes distinct subunits, but closely linked by the genesis, evolution and use of the territory: Banato-Crișene Hills, Banato-Crișana Plain. The studied area presents the following categories of use: arable 7,256.08 ha, pastures 1,221.17 ha, hayfields 198.63 ha, orchards 14, 38 ha (Agricultural total = 8,691.08), forests 906.51 ha, waters 203.45 ha, unproductive 39.33 ha, roads 147.05 ha, constructions 137.32 ha, (TOTAL = 10,124.74 ha). In this work we will find: the description of the types of soils in the locality (Alluviol gleic, Eutricambosol gleic, Preluvosol molic-stagnic, Luvosol stagnic, Vertosol gleic) with the surface that each soil occupies, the horizons that make it up, the spread, etc; but also their favorability for various crops for the farmer to adapt for each soil with the plant that best folds on that type of soil.
agriculture, systems, farmer, soil resources, culture