REVIEW OF THE CURRENT GLOBAL SITUATION OF HARMFUL AND USEFUL INSECT SPECIES PRESENT IN MAIZE CROPS AND POSSIBLE INTERACTIONS BETWEEN THEM PUBLISHEDMaria Alina COSTEA, Ioana GROZEA Banat’s University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine “King Michael I of Romania” Timisoara email@example.com
One of the most cultivated and productive cereal plants in the world was and is corn. Both globally and at European level, maize cultivation occupies important areas. Romania is one of the corn exporting countries in the world, so it is important to protect this crop from all biotic factors (which can be controlled) including harmful insects that occupy a major place in reducing production. Another perspective is the existence of useful species and their use as a method of biological control through exploitation. In this paper we intended to bring to attention the species of insects that reduce the productive capacity of this plant. As a study method, we used bibliographic and webographic analysis, so we extracted the most important documentary sources, which could be the basis for future research in doctoral training. Among the important pests worldwide and implicitly in our country are: Ostrinia nubilalis (corn borer), Diabrotica virgifera Le Conte (western worm of corn roots), Helicoverpa armigera (cob worm) and Rhopalosiphum maidis (aphid. From the literature we extracted the potential ones to appear in the culture /experimental plots: Coccinella sp, Trichogramma ostriniae, Argiope sp. and Chrysopa carnea. Knowledge of the current situation is essential in the correct identification of target species and in the adequacy of measures focusing on non-polluting ones.
Insect, harmful, useful, corn, global situation, interactions.