USING PEDOLOGICAL INFORMATION TO DEFINE LAND PRODUCTIVITY AND ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION IN MOUNTAIN AND PRE-MOUNTAIN AREA OF TIMIS COUNTY PUBLISHEDD. ŢĂRĂU, Gh. ROGOBETE, D. DICU, R. BERTICI
The purpose of research is accumulating scientific data on the physical, chemical andmicrobiological properties of soils, data found in soil studies prepared by local OSPA since 2003,necessary to support a methodology for assessing their skills through a complex firm approach ofphysical, geography and soil conditions of the considered space. Between soil characteristics and mainspecies cultivated or spontaneous, can establish relationships of a diverse and complex reciprocity. Soilcharacteristics can exert influence on the development of the root system, mineral nutrition, providingaero-hydric and thermal regime needed to carry the main physiological processes and plants, in turn,acts both directly and indirectly on the state of soil fertility. Research on eco-metrical function of themain physical and chemical characteristics of soil have been taken by many scientists, in the country andabroad, since the beginning of last century and the German classification system was designed mainlybased on soil texture in the so-called phase of its evolution. Physical and chemical properties of soilsamples (texture, pH, humus content and N,P,K etc.) and the biochemical and microbial diversity ofsamples were analyzed in USAMVB-OSPA Timisoara Research Laboratory, after national norms andstandards, approved by the Standards Association of Romania (ASRO). Knowledge of these features ofthe soil have special theoretical and practical importance. Theoretical, it provides to specialist thepossibility to interpret the phenomena that occur in soil and to predict soil evolution in particular and theenvironment in general, in terms of present and future health, and practical because warns the physicianas what measures should be taken to bring the soil in optimal conditions for growth and development ofcultivated or wild plants. Importance, originality and timeliness of work is the need to protect the edaphiclayer and environmental protection by: The accumulation of scientific data necessary to supporttechnologies of conservative tillage and sustainable management of soil and water resources,Implementation of conservative tillage and sustainable management of physical, geographical andedaphic conditions from mountain and pre-mountain area of Timis county.
biodiversity, cooperation, cohesion, sustainability, monitoring, risk