CLIMATIC CHARACTERIZATION OF THE AGRICULTURAL AREA FROM THE MĂRCULEȘTI AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH-DEVELOPMENT STATION PUBLISHEDRaluca Ioana PASCU, Simona SPINU, Alina ORTAN Faculty of Land Reclamation and Environmental Engineering, USAMV Bucharest, Romania email@example.com
Mărculești Agricultural Research-Development Station is located in the south-east of the country, in the center of the Baragan plain; Throughout the years, it has developed and perfected the cultivation technologies for cereals, technical plants and fodder, in the pedoclimatic conditions of the area. According to Köppen climatic classification, Bărăgan region is part of the BSax province, the mean value for annual temperature is 10,9°C and the mean annual value for precipitation is 480 mm. Fertile soils of chernozem type with a relatively good supply of nutrients are characteristic of this region. The present paper presents the climatic evolution in the South-eastern part of Bărăgan, based on comparison of the values of temperature and precipitation measured at the location during 2017-2022 with the multiannual mean values of these parameters. The results of the data analysis showed an increase in temperature and a decrease in precipitation, which are most likely to have negative effects on yields. Precipitations are of great importance for the autumn cultures because they provide the quick and uniform growing of the plants, and they ensure the accumulation of moisture in the soil during the winter season. Considering the obtained results, the following recommendations can be made: changes of the agricultural technology used for the main cultures in Bărăgan - autumn cereals, rape, maize and sunflower, early spring sowing, and the choice of hybrids cultivars with a medium vegetation period.
climatic characterization, temperature, precipitations