CONSIDERATIONS ON THE GENUS CARABUS SPECIES PROTECTED IN ROMANIA BY THE NATURA 2000 NETWORK PUBLISHEDJean BARLOY, Florin PRUNAR
In Romania , the Natura 2000 network is highly developed, with 273 SIC covering 17% of the country and also has three biosphere reserves (Danube Delta, Retezat Mountains and Rodna Mountains). The study is interested in heritage species of Genus Carabus named in the Annexe II and IV (modified version 2007) of the “Council Directive 92/43/EEC of 21 May 1992 on the conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora”. The paper make an analysis of the romanian carabus species by european community interest in terms of taxonomic observations, geographical distribution, ecology of species, conservation status and the problems due to the bibliographic inconsistencies. These species of European Community interest are examined for their recent taxonomic name and their geographical distribution established from reliable bibliographical data, researches of the authors and the indications of SCI ( Site of Community Importance) Natura 2000 for the confirmed sites. Carabus (Pachystus) hungaricus Fabricius, 1792 is extremely rare (only one sure station); Carabus (Hygrocarabus) variolosus Fabricius, 1787 is more widespread, especially in mountainous or hilly areas; Carabus (Morphocarabus) zawadzkii seriatissimus Reitter, 1896 its range has recently specified (see attached map). The global name Carabus (Morphocarabus) hampei of the Council Directive 92/43/EEC includes three species: Carabus (Morphocarabus) rothi comptus Dejean, 1831; Carabus (Morphocarabus) rothi incompsus Kraatz, 1880; Carabus (Morphocarabus) rothi hampei Kuster, 1846 and the infraspecific diversity are at least 12 taxa spread over the national territory (see map attached). Moreover, the authors attract attention to the need of the Romanian state responsible , to protect the endemic species of the Genus Carabus. The paper provides a summary of the personal and bibliographic observations which are in the interest of : the entities which aim to species conservation, the protected area managers, the entomologists interested by the Carabus genus species and, we hope, the legislative bodies that have capacity to making decision for the management to protection species that require attention.
Natura 2000 Network, carabus, hampei, hungaricus, variolosus, zawadszkii, taxonomy, distribution, habitats, inventory mapping