CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE KNOWLEDGE OF THE RARE OR LOCALIZED SPECIES DISTRIBUTION FROM THE CARABUS GENRE IN ROMANIA PUBLISHEDJean BARLOY, Florin PRUNAR
In Romania several species of the genre Carabus are considered rare or localized. Using old references which are confronted with recent observations this paper work sets the researches history for the rare or geographically localised species inciting to the new checks in the field to achieve the targeted species management programs. Their distribution rests partially on ancient data not systematically confirmed by recent collections. The notion of rarity can also result from an insufficiency of entomological prospecting. These must be encouraged by the recent results having allowed the discovery of new species (example of Carabus ( Pachystus ) cavernosus Frivaldsky, 1837 in Rimetea, by Kutasi 2000) or of new stations Carabus ( Tomocarabu s ) marginalis Fabricius, 1794 in Cefa by Dehelean et al. 2012, Carabus ( Morphocarabus) scheidleri zawadskii seriatissimus Reitter, 1896 by Barloy et al. 2010. Among the rare or localized species represent species: doubtless relicts, such Carabus ( Pachystus ) cavernosus Frivaldsky, 1837, (single station Rimetea), Carabus (Tomocarabus) marginalis Fabricius, 1794, (two confirmed sites); of refuge zones in mountainous regions Carabus (Megodontus) planicollis Kuster , 1827, ( endemic of the Romanian Carpathians); Carabus (Platycarabus) fabricii malachiticus C.G.Thomson, 1875, from Rodnei and Calimani Mountains, at high height; occupant of the reduced zones: Carabus ( Pachystus ) hungaricus Fabricius, 1792 , (a single confirmed station), Carabus (Morphocarabus) rothi alutensis Sãvulescu, 1972, endemic Romania occupying a bounded area ( National Park Cozia, Calimanesti, Ramnicu Valcea), Carabus (Procerus) gigas Creutzer, 1799 (species has a diffuse distribution in Banat); being situated on the verge of the area of distribution of the species Carabus (Mesocarabus) problematicus holdhausi Born, 1911 (several mountain summits) Carabus (Trachycarabus) besseri Fischer, 1822 ( sporadic in romanian Moldavia ). The joined study makes an assessment of knowledge on their localization distinguishing the ancient references of the recent confirmations. The ancient data can seem outdated but being established by renowned entomologists, they incite to new researches in quoted stations (for example, the rediscovered of Carabus (Tomocarabus) marginalis Fabricius, 1794, by Math é 2000 in Varghis Valley stations, previously reported by Deubel).
carabus, problematicus, marginalis, planicollis, cavernosus, gigas, rothi alutensis fabricii malachiticus, marginalis, hungaricus, besseri, distribution, habitats, inventory mapping.