THE EXPOSURE FIELDS OF MEDICINAL PLANTS IN THE BOTANICAL GARDEN OF SUA IN NITRA AS A PART OF EDUCATIONAL PROCESS PUBLISHEDMiroslav HABÁN, Michaela BEČÁROVÁ
Medicinal plants in the Botanical garden of the Slovak Agricultural University in Nitra maintain representative collection of medicinal plant since 1982. In this collection there was a lack of the collection of medicinal and potentially healing plants, that would serve not only as a demonstration of native material for the learning process, but also as a source of biological material for purposes of evaluation of active substances. Common planting of different species also allows the confrontation of traditional medicinal herbs with new, less known taxa. The very important part of agenda is also a supplement and enrichment of genetic resources of healing plants. In the Botanical garden of Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra , the stuff of co-workers deals with the genetic resources of medicinal plants. The main part share the species of the tribe Asteraceae (Compositae) – 31 taxons and the tribe Lamiaceae (Labiatae) – 28 taxons The main aims of the subject stage are as follow: protection and conservation of gene pools of selected medicinal species, collection of seeds ex-situ (from plantations of medicinal plants in campus botanical garden) for the purpose of index seminum and other additions to the records of plant material with emphasis on evaluation of active substances in medicinal plants. In the first years of the solving period basic recultivation of soil and preparation of experimental field for the introduction of medicinal plants were done. Through Index seminum (international exchange seeds) the assembled product range of less known medicinal plants, that can enrich individual plots. As for the species of medicinal plants collected through the Index seminum network we focused first of all on resistant taxons. In 2012 plots will be created by the collected range of medicinal plants. The plots will be ready for the basic botanic research, as well as for educational purposes and for assessment of the content of the efficacious substances in chosen species. There is an assumption, that the creation of cultivar plots will lead to the confrontation between old conventionally known medicinal plants and new medicinal plants and possible medicinal plants which are the object of the scientific research aimed at botany, pharmacognosy and phytochemistry.
education, medicinal plant, Botanical garden, genetic resources, index seminum