PRODUCTIONS OBTAINED FROM AGRICULTURAL CROPS AS A FUNCTION OF RISK FACTORS IN THE LOCATION OF IERMATA, ARAD COUNTY, IN THE PERIOD 2020-2023 PUBLISHEDIOVANOVICI VELCO SAVA, SUCIU GHEORGHE, SUCIU CALIN DENIS, MIRCOV DRAGOSLAV VLAD, MIHUT CASIANA University of Life Sciences "King Mihai I" from Timisoara firstname.lastname@example.org
In this work, we took into account the evolution of the production of the main crops grown in the area of Iermata, Seleus commune, Arad county, over a period of four years, between 2020-2023. In order to correlate the production data with certain meteorological indicators, we took into account the meteorological data provided by the Banat Crisana Regional Meteorological Center, for Arad county, Chisineu Cris meteorological station. Seleus commune is located in the eastern part of the Crişului Alb Plain, on the course of the Cigher river. It is located 12 km from Ineu, 6 km from Pâncota and 45 km from the municipality of Arad. It is also crossed by the Cigher river, the Morilor canal, to the north is Crisul Alb and to the west the Matca Canal. The Seleus commune is composed of three localities: Seleus, Moroda and Iermata. The area is characterized by a temperate climate with moderate continental accents, with warm summers and mild winters, characteristic of the Western Plain. It can be appreciated that the influences of the Mediterranean climate are easily felt. The multiannual air temperature average is 10.6°C. The warmest month is July (20.7°C) and the coldest is January (-1.1°C). The absolute maximum and minimum temperatures (+40.4°C and -30.1°C, respectively) demonstrate the possibility of recording a very hot summer or rather cold winter and mark the climatic continentalism. In general, the winters are moderate, without strong frosts due to the western climatic influence and due to the fact that the area has a more sheltered position from the polar-continental air invasions from the east and northeast. In the spring, under the influence of the western circulation and the extension of the ridges of the Azorean anticyclone over the south of Europe, the de-spring is faster than in the eastern part of the country. In the summer months, the air temperature is not too high, due to the western influences. It is between 18.9°C in June and 20.7°C in July. In autumn, the multiannual averages of these months vary between 16.2°C in September and 6.2°C in November. This decrease in temperature is due to the advection of cold air under the action of the ridge of the Euro-Asian anticyclone. The area being frequently subject to warm air invasions from the south-western sector, means that even in this season the temperature is 1°-2° higher than in the eastern part of the country.
climatic continentalism. polar-continental air, anticyclone, months, south-western sector