COMPARATIVE STUDY ON THE CULTIVATION OF TWO WHEAT VARIETIES IN THE AREA OF CENEI, TIMIȘ COUNTY PUBLISHEDR. C. JURCUȚ1, I. MILOVAN1, A. I. IBRIC1, F. IMBREA1, L. BOTOȘ1 1University of Life Sciences "King Michael I" from Timișoara, Calea Aradului Street, no.119, Timișoara, Romania email@example.com
Cultivating wheat is an extremely important agricultural activity in Romania, with a significant impact on agricultural production and the country's economy. Notable variations in terms of yield, quality, resistance to unfavorable weather conditions, and adaptability of wheat varieties used in agriculture underscore the importance of choosing the right varieties according to the specific characteristics of the region. In the 2022-2023 agricultural season, characterized by abundant rainfall in September and October 2022, a comparative study is being conducted in the town of Cenei, Timiș County, to evaluate the performance of two wheat varieties in this region with distinct geographic and climatic features. The analyzed varieties are Trublion A, known for its semi-early maturity and resistance to leaf diseases, and Sophie CS, with semi-early maturity, smaller-sized plants, resistance to lodging and winter hardiness. This study focuses on the yield of the obtained crop, the quality of the produced wheat, resistance to stress factors such as drought and pests, as well as the costs and efforts involved in the cultivation process. The results obtained will provide critical information to farmers for making decisions regarding the ideal wheat varieties for cultivation in this region, contributing to the sustainability and efficiency of agriculture. The correct choice of wheat variety can optimize production and bring significant economic benefits in a complex and variable agricultural environment.
Wheat cultivation; Wheat varieties; Performance evaluation; Agriculture in Romania; Agricultural sustainability