SUSTAINABLE USE OF SOIL AND WATER RESOURCES IN ZÁVOI MUNICIPALITY, CARAȘ SEVERIN COUNTY IN THE CURRENT CONTEXT PUBLISHEDDelia DRĂGOI, A. MIHUȚ, Lavinia VIDICI, Casiana MIHUȚ, Valeria CIOLAC University of Life Sciences "King Mihai I" from Timișoara, 300645, 119 Calea Aradului, Romania email@example.com
Soil and water resources represent some of the great wealth with which nature has endowed our planet. The purpose of the paper is the study of these resources (soil and water), from Zăvoi commune, Caraș Severin county, considering the recent climate changes, which tend to negatively influence this area as well, with repercussions on the entire evolution plant development. The health of the soil and the purity of the water are essential to be able to talk about the quality of life, environmental factors (soil, water, climate, air, etc.) can influence the well-being and health of people. For the preparation of the paper, data obtained both from observations in the field and data taken from previous researches, including OSPA Caraș Severin, were used. The town of Zăvoi has a total area of 39600 ha, of which 53.66% (21249 ha) are agricultural land and 43.30%, i.e. 17145 ha, is forest. The diversity of the relief units made the area divided: the area of the hills, where luvosol and eutricambosol soils are found and which offer the possibility of a more varied agriculture and obtaining large productions; the hilly floor, which includes a mixed agricultural area, thanks to various soils, represented by regosols, lithosols, districambosols, prepodzols and antrosols, here the largest area of land is forested and the meadow area, where we find alluvial soils, along with stagnosols and gleosols , the most common being soils with excess phreatic moisture and requiring drainage improvement works. In this area, a number of plants are cultivated such as: wheat, corn, sunflower, oats, orzoaica, up to vegetables, potatoes and beets. The general capacity of these soils in terms of agricultural production capacity is medium.
soil resources, water resources, sustainable use, climate change