THE DESIGN OF MECHANIZATION TECHNOLOGY FOR ALFALFA CULTURE IN THE GOTHATEA HUNEDOARA AREA PUBLISHEDG. VĂCĂRESCU, F. MLADIN, Anișoara DUMA COPCEA, Casiana MIHUȚ University of Life Sciences "King Mihai I " from Timisoara firstname.lastname@example.org
The mechanization of fodder production is of major importance for agricultural production in general and for the field of animal husbandry in particular. Among the mechanized works for the production of fodder, harvesting works occupy a special place, both due to the role that fodder plays in animal nutrition, as well as due to the particularities related to quality. Harvesting must be done at the optimal time and in the shortest possible time, in order to maintain the quality of the fodder and keep the losses at a low level. Obtaining high-quality harvests, at the lowest possible costs, can only be achieved through the application of specific, perfected technologies, which allow a superior utilization of both natural resources and inputs. The main objective in harvesting, preparing and preserving alfalfa in the form of hay is to create a final product with a food value as close as possible to the initial green fodder. The quantity and quality of hay obtained from alfalfa depends to a large extent on a number of factors, namely: - the production and initial floristic composition of the fodder (when mowing); - harvest season (harvest phenophase); - duration of the hay harvesting and preparation period; - the method of harvesting, preparing and preserving hay; - the quality and degree of mechanized execution of the harvesting and preparation of fodder in the form of hay.
mechanization, production, alfalfa