COMPARATIVE STUDY OF THE AGRONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS OF SIX MAIZE HYBRIDS IN THE ARAD PLAIN, WITH A VIEW TO THEIR INTRODUCTION IN TO CULTURE PUBLISHEDAnca Maria PORUBSKI1, A.A. CRIȘAN1, Simona NIŢĂ1*, L. NIŢĂ1* 1 University of Life Sciences "King Michael I" from Timisoara, 119 C. Aradului, 300645 Timisoara, Romania email@example.com
Maize is one of the most important crops due to its multiple uses. Maize, an annual plant, is a remarkable cereal, thanks to its high production capacity, about 50% higher than other cereals, short life cycle, resistance to diseases and pests, drought resistance, monoculture support, great possibility of capitalizing production, can be grown in various ecological conditions. The paper presents the synthesis of the results from the 2021-2022 experimental cycle. The general objective of the research concerns the behavior of an assortment of corn hybrids created by the companies DEKALB, KWS, RAGT and LIMAGRAIN, in terms of the level of required harvests and quality.The area under study is part of the Arad Plain and is characterized by very good vegetation conditions for corn cultivation, being included in the very favorable area for cultivation in our country. In 2022, aflatoxin analysis was performed. Following the analyses carried out, the maize samples ranged from 54.96 ppb (Kashmir) to 173.51 ppb (HI CORN 450) (figure 3.6.), above the maximum permissible limit of 10 ppb, for total aflatoxins, according to Commission Regulation (EC) No 1881/2006 of 19.12.2022 setting maximum levels for certain contaminants in foodstuffs. Aspergillus flavus is a common and widespread fungus in nature and is found especially when cereals are grown in extreme climatic conditions such as drought.
Corn, technology, economic efficiency