IMPACT OF CLIMATE CHANGES ON THE FLOW REGIME IN THE MUREŞ HYDROGRAPHIC BASIN, SĂVÎRŞIN SECTOR PUBLISHEDMaria Roana JURCOANE1, Laura ȘMULEAC 2, Cristina TULBURE 2 1 Technological High School "King Mihai I" Savarsin, Romania 2University of Life Sciences "King Mihai I" from Timisoara, Romania firstname.lastname@example.org
In the conditions of global climate change, when the distribution of precipitation is constantly changing, and the intensity with which it occurs, increasingly affects the flow of water into rivers. Watercourses, if not arranged and left to nature, affect human settlements through the destructive effect of water. Floods can lead to human and animal losses, make people sick and leave residents homeless. They can also affect the environment, infrastructure and property. Under these conditions, it is necessary to carry out flood defence works and they will be done only after an analysis of the risk of occurrence and the importance of the defended objectives. In this paper, the Mures hydrographic basin, Săvîrșin sector is analyzed, the evolution of precipitation, flow and water level in 2021-2022 is monitored. It was noted that the highest amounts of precipitation fell in 2022, of 173 mm, and the lowest of 22.1 mm in October 2021. The maximum flow rate was in May 2021, of 576 m3/s, and the minimum of 36 m3/s in October of the same year. The maximum water level was recorded was in May (277) and the minimum was recorded in October -22, both values in 2021. However, there were no flood problems in the Săvîrșin sector during the analyzed period.
floods, Mures river basin, water flow, water level, precipitation, dammings