PERENNIAL GRASSES SPONTANEOUS IN THE GRASSLANDS FROM WESTERN ROMANIA WITH POTENTIAL FOR THEIR USE FOR TURF PUBLISHEDVeronica Sărăţeanu, Alexandru Moisuc
Perennial grasses are important mainly for forage and for turf. The purpose of this work is to highlight grass species that are growing spontaneously in our geographic area, which have features that make these species suitable for their use in turf mixtures. There are valuable populations that are best adapted to the ecological conditions of our country, they being resistant to a series of factors that are recommending them for the use in turf mixture. The features that make the grasses suitable for this purpose are: resistance to treading, fast recovery after mowing, resistance to drought, resistance to shading, resistance to diseases and pests, resistance to repeated mowing, turf density, the finesse of the leaves, facile setting, etc. The grass species considered in this research is Festuca valesiaca. In Romania weren’t created yet autochthon turf grass varieties, all the seeds coming from import or being foreign varieties multiplied in our country. This type of research is very important because the turf has started to capture the interest of the municipalities and private owners from our country, they being interested to have turf covers with high esthetic and functional qualities. Also is important for them to have varieties adapted to the ecological conditions of the area where the turf will be set. This study is only a first step in the selection of germplasm resources for the creation of new turf grass varieties because in our country are created some small grass varieties, but they are suitable for forage.
turf; perennial grasses; spontaneous; grassland; vegetation