SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN AGRICULTURE WITH RESPECT TO ENERGY SAVINGS POTENTIAL PUBLISHEDSeverin Cazanescu, Raluca Cazanescu, Dan Berbecaru
The National Program for Rural Development (PNDR), in accordance with European Directives, defines among the general objectives regarding the sustainable development of the Romanian Agriculture for 2007-2013, a series of objectives regarding the decrease of the energy consumptions, production and use of the renewable sources of energy, greenhouse gas emission reduction, providing of biomass resulted from agricultural activities and support for micro-enterprises in rural area to produce electrical and thermal energy using bio-fuels. Despite the fact that agricultural energy consumption represents about 1% (during 2001 -2006) of the final energy consumption in Romania, there are a series of measures which can result in the energy consumption decrease in this field and to the successful use of the renewable energy sources. The research goal is to identify these concrete measures and their application within the different fields of agricultural activities. Starting from the energy consumption structure of agriculture in 2005 and taking into account the foreseen growth rate in this field, the paper analyzes the energy savings potential in the context of Romanian Energy Strategy for 2007 – 2020 period and National Strategy for Energy Efficiency. The presumed evolution of the energy savings is presented and the resulted greenhouse gas emissions reduction for 2009–2020 period is estimated. There are also pointed out the necessary investment funds for the application of the energy efficiency measures in order to achieve the energy savings target.
agriculture; sustainable development; energy savings potential