STUDY ON THE ATTACK OF FUSARIUM SP. ON WHEAT STEM BASE UNDER CONDITIONS FROM TMISOARA DIDACTIC RESEARCH STATION BETWEEN 2009-2011 PUBLISHEDDiana Velimirovici, Adrian Borcean
Research aim was to test the tolerance of a range of wheat cultivars to infectious pressure of the pathogen Fusarium sp. in climatic conditions from Timisoara Didactic Research Station between 2009 and 2010 Stage of research is being characteristic for two years interpretation of experimental data, in preparation the doctoral thesis. Materials and methods. Experimental field was located in climatic conditions from Timişoara. Wheat crop technology was standard applied to this areal. The experience statistic calculation was the trifactorial model. Factor A was the year with two graduations(2009 and 2010). Factor B was the cultivar with three graduations (Ciprian, Arieşan and Kristina). Factor C was the nitrogen amount(in kilograms active substance for one hectar) with three graduations N 100 kg/ha, N 150 kg/ha and N 200 kg/ha. All nitrogen amounts was tested on a background 60 kg/ha phosphorus and 60 kg/ha potassium. The novelty is relatively high, work providing important data for agricultural practice in the experimental area, taking in consideration the implications of fungus Fusarium sp. in yield amount due to infection propagation on wheat ears in some years. Achievements stage in this field . In this work were carried out researches including those done by the one of the authors, known as the reference and possible reactions of the pathogen depending on local biocoenosis factors, including the competition between stem base pathogens. Limits of the research are that data from the fungus Fusarium spp. are just after two years of fungus bonitation in this experimental conditions. Practical implications of the research consisted of playing a part of a complex study of strategy in the of wheat protection reference experience. The originality of the work comes from the fact that data are relevant in view of cultivars behaviour under specific conditions. These data are only part of the data submitted for interpretation in the preparation of the doctoral experience of the main author. Importance of the paper became from bringing in front of the specialists of one of the topics in the experiences of the author's doctoral preparing, to evaluate the accuracy of techniques addressed. All data are relevant for experimental conditions amd give an overview over the possibility of prevention of the pathogen attack on the wheat ears, judging after the relevance on the yield of Fusarium sp. attack.
Fusarium spp., wheat stem base rot, fertilizers